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Monthly Spotlight: Pride!

Government & Pride

  This month, we remind the LGBTQI+ community that they are loved and cherished.  My Administration sees you for who you are — deserving of dignity, respect, and support.  As I said in my State of the Union Address — especially to our younger transgender Americans — I will always have your back as your President so that you can be yourself and reach your God-given potential.  Today and every day, my Administration stands with every LGBTQI+ American in the ongoing struggle against intolerance, discrimination, and injustice.  We condemn the dangerous State laws and bills that target LGBTQI+ youth.  And we remain steadfast in our commitment to helping LGBTQI+ people in America and around the world live free from violence.

But there is more work to be done.  That is why I continue to call on Congress to pass the Equality Act, which will enshrine long overdue civil rights protections and build a better future for all LGBTQI+ Americans.  We must also fight for LGBTQI+ seniors so that they can age with dignity.  And we must confront the disproportionate levels of poverty, homelessness, and unemployment in the LGBTQI+ community.

     This month, we honor the resilience of LGBTQI+ people, who are fighting to live authentically and freely.  We reaffirm our belief that LGBTQI+ rights are human rights.  And we recommit to delivering protection, safety, and equality to LGBTQI+ families so that everyone can realize the full promise of America. --Presidential Proclamation 2022

For more articles, take a look at the links below:

  • Human Rights Campaign 
    • The Human Rights Campaign envisions a world where every member of the LGBTQ+ family has the freedom to live their truth without fear, and with equality under the law.

  • The Fenway Institute
    • The mission of The Fenway Institute is to optimize health and well-being for sexual and gender minorities (SGM) and those affected by HIV.

  • GLAAD
    • As a dynamic media force, GLAAD ensures fair, accurate, and inclusive representation that rewrites the script for LGBTQ acceptance. GLAAD tackles tough issues to shape the narrative and provoke dialogue that leads to cultural change. GLAAD protects all that has been accomplished and envisions a world with 100% LGBTQ acceptance.

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Pride & Time

Ganymede, in Greek legend, the son of Tros (or Laomedon), king of Troy. Because of his unusual beauty, he was carried off either by the gods or by Zeus, disguised as an eagle, or, according to a Cretan account, by Minos, to serve as cupbearer. In compensation, Zeus gave Ganymede’s father a stud of immortal horses (or a golden vine). The earliest forms of the myth have no erotic content, but by the 5th century BC it was believed that Ganymede’s kidnapper had a homosexual passion for him; Ganymede’s kidnapping was a popular topic on 5th-century Attic vases. The English word catamite was derived from the popular Latin form of his name. He was later identified with the constellation Aquarius. --Britannica

To learn more about Ganymede, his mythology, and the artwork of him, click here!


Edward II (1307-37) used the Medieval Palace at the Tower of London. The King and his favorite, his closest political and emotional ally, Piers Gaveston, are often thought to have been lovers. The truth will never be known, as medieval chroniclers didn’t record what happened between the two men behind closed doors. They did comment on the exceptional closeness of the relationship, recording the strength of Edward’s love for Gaveston when they first met in about 1297. Their love is often described at the time in fraternal terms, and they may have entered into a bond as ‘wed brothers’ or a ‘Bond of Brotherhood’. Edward never had a mistress, and even at his wedding banquet, the King is said to have given more attention to Gaveston than to his new Queen. --Historic Royal Palaces

For some awesome articles about LGBTQ relations in the Middle Ages, Click Here!

 

1623: Francis Bacon, a noted gay man who coined the term “masculine love,” publishes “The Advancement of Learning—an argument for empirical research and against superstition.” This deductive system for empirical research earned him the title “the Father of Modern Science.”

1624: Richard Cornish of the Virginia Colony is tried and hanged for sodomy.

1649: The first known conviction for lesbian activity in North America occurs in March when Sarah White Norman is charged with “lewd behavior” with Mary Vincent Hammon in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

1670-1707: Julie d'Aubigny, known under her stage name, La Maupin, was a bisexual, cross-dressing, swords-woman who killed at least three men in duels. Popular retellings of her brief, but action-filled life sometimes focus more on the adventurous aspects of her life, glossing over her accomplishments in opera.

 

The 1720s: Mary Read and Anne Bonny were two famous Pirates of the Caribbean. With all their journies together and a life-or-death friendship, it is thought their relationship was more romantic than most think.

1749: Thomas Cannon wrote what may be the earliest published defense of homosexuality in English, “Ancient and Modern Pederasty Investigated and Exemplify'd.”

1779: Thomas Jefferson revises Virginia law to make sodomy (committed by men or women) punishable by mutilation rather than death.

1886: We’wha, a Zuni Native American from New Mexico, is received by US President Grover Cleveland as a “Zuni Princess.” They are an accomplished weaver, potter, and the most famous Ihamana, a traditional Zuni gender role, now described as mixed-gender or Two-Spirit.

1924: Henry Gerber forms the Society for Human Rights, the first gay group in the US, but the group is quickly shut down.

1925: Blues singer Ma Rainey is arrested in her house in Harlem for having a lesbian party. Her protégé, Bessie Smith, bails her out of jail the following morning. Rainey and Smith were part of an extensive circle of lesbian and bisexual African‐American women in Harlem

1928: The Well of Loneliness, by Radclyffe Hall, is published in the United States. This sparks great legal controversy and brings the topic of homosexuality into public conversation.

1948: Biologist and sex researcher Alfred Kinsey publishes "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male"

 

1950: The first lasting gay organization, the Mattachine Society, is formed in Los Angeles. They refer to themselves as a “homophile” group. The group exists for about a decade before splitting into smaller entities.

1952: Christine Jorgensen is the first American who comes forward publicly about being transgender and speaks openly about her experiences with gender confirmation surgery and hormone replacement therapy. Her transition causes an international sensation, and for many, she is the first visible transgender person in the media.

1953: President Eisenhower issued an executive order stating those who had 'sexual perversion' can be a cause for lack or termination of employment.

1955: The Daughters of Bilitis (DOB), considered to be the first lesbian rights organization, is formed by Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon in San Francisco, California. The group is conceived as a social alternative to lesbian bars, which were considered illegal and thus subject to raids and police harassment.

1957: Supreme Court Case One Inc. v. Olesen was ruled in favor of One Inc. allowing the continuance of their freedom of speech over the topic of homosexuality. 

In the late 1950s: Government reports were released from the American Psychiatric Association and the American Psychological Association stating that being gay is a mental illness.

1961: Illinois becomes the first state in the US to repeal its sodomy laws against the LGBTQ Community.

1965: July 4th is Reminder Day for about four years. It is a day for those to remember the Stonewall Inn Riots in Philidelphia and protest for the same civil rights granted to those who are heterosexual.

1966: The Mattachine Society had decided that the Illegalization of gay bars was going too far, so they devised a "Sip-in". This consisted of people going into a bar, declaring they were gay, ordering a drink, then waiting to be served or turned away, and then suing.

1966: After Compton's Cafeteria Riot, the National Transsexual Counseling Unit was formed. This was believed to be the world's first trans organization.

1969: The Stonewall Inn Riots go down in history.

1970: The Reminder March that had once happened in Philadelphia officially moves from July to June and takes place in New York City.

1972: A bill was passed by Harvey Milk in San Fransisco to ban discrimination in housing and employment based on someone's sexual orientation.

1973: The American Psychiatric Association removed the diagnosis of "homosexuality" from the second edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. 

1974: Kathy Kozachenko, while still in college, ran for Ann Arbor City Council in Michigan and won. She had become the first out LGBTQ person ever elected in the US.

1976: Anita Bryant once loved for her stardom and evangelical views, took a dramatic dive when she decided to start a anti-gay campaign named "Save Our Children".

1978: Dan White, a former member of the San Fransico Board of Supervisors, assassinated Harvey Milk and Mayor George Moscone on the bases that Milk was gay and Moscone was friends with him. His sentence was cut short, which sent for a ton of protests and riots, not just from the LGBTQ community.

1979: After the assassination of Harvey Milk, gay and lesbian organizations finally came together to organize a march in Washington D.C. for Lesbian and Gay rights.

1982: The first case of AIDS was diagnosed, propelling the world into a homophobic mindset and losing the support of the government administration. At this time, 54% of cases of people having AIDS died.

1982: Wisconsin becomes the first U.S. State to outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation. 

1987: ACT UP international organization was founded. It was made to bring attention to the AIDS epidemic and help find a cure for AIDS while providing accurate information, help, and awareness about the disease.

1987: The annual march in DC had made a spike in people as it was the height of the AIDS epidemic. The march was altogether five days of rallies, political forums, and lobbying. At one point, several gay leaders were to take part in a demonstration on the steps of the Supreme Court, protesting the Court's 1986 decision upholding a Georgia statute outlawing sodomy.

1988: The Center for Disease Control (CDC) releases a brochure to educate Americans on what and how to help those with AIDS.

1988: World AIDS Day was established on December 1st,1988. Although, this wasn't made 'official' until President Joe Biden in 2022.

1990: Congress enacts the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act. This is an AIDS/HIV program that was created to improve the quality and availability of HIV care and treatment for low-income people with HIV.

1991: American soldiers serving in the Gulf War chose to wear red ribbons as a way of solidarity and compassion with those with HIV and their caregivers. This led to not only the Red Ribbon Project but also in 1992, upwards of 100,000 were worn during Freddie Mercury's performance in Wembley Stadium for the AIDS Awareness Tribute Concert.

1993: President Bill Clinton enacted "Don't Ask, Don't Tell", stating that the military can't discriminate against or harass closeted gay or bisexual people, BUT will continue to bar openly gay or bisexual people from serving.

1996: In Colorado, an amendment was brought forth and fought over until it reached the supreme court. This law singled out homosexual and bisexual persons, imposing on their rights to seek and receive specific legal protection from discrimination. In a 6-to-3 decision, the amendment was denied.

1996: President Bill Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was signed into law. It declared that no state shall be required to recognize same-gender marriage performed in another state. It also defined marriage as an act between only a man and a woman.

The Late 1990s: Martin Luther King Junior's widow, Coretta Scott King, also stood up for the LGBTQ community, regardless of the criticisms from civil rights activists and her own children. She is known to say: "Martin Luther King Jr. said, ‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.’ I appeal to everyone who believes in Martin Luther King Jr.’s dream to make room at the table of brotherhood and sisterhood for lesbian and gay people."

2000: Vermont became the first state in the US to legalize same-sex marriage after their law was challenged for the inequality of state marriage statutes. 

2003: Lawrence v. Texas, a legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on June 26, 2003, that a Texas state law criminalizing certain intimate sexual conduct between two consenting adults of the same sex was unconstitutional.

2003: Massachusettes legalizes gay marriage in the Goodridge v. Massachusetts Department of Public Health

2005:  Logo cable channel has blazed a trail as the first commercial cable network made for the LGBTQ+ community, with a diverse collection of content aimed at celebrating queer culture through scripted television, online exclusives, and more.

2008:  Proposition 8 added a new section to the state Constitution which provides that "Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California." 

2009: Presidential Memorandum on Federal Benefits and Non-Discrimination was established to allow same-sex couples the same work-based health benefits as married couples.

2009: The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr., Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009 provides funding and technical assistance to state, local, and tribal jurisdictions to help them to more effectively investigate and prosecute hate crimes.

2010: Prop 8 (Proposition 8) was ruled unconstitutional by a federal district court in 2010, although that decision did not go into effect until 2013, following the conclusion of Prop 8 advocates' appeals, which went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court.

2011: President Barack Obama signs the official repeal of the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" bill. This included allowing those who were discharged for being in the LGBTQ+ the opportunity to re-enlist and give future recruits a discrimination-free enlistment.

2011: The Defenseless: Defending Against Marriage Act challenged Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), which defines marriage for federal purposes as only between a man and a woman.

2013: Only a few years after President Obama declared DOMA unconstitutional, and instructed the Justice Department to stop defending it in court, the Supreme Court advanced marriage equality through key decisions in 2013.

2015: Obergfell v. Hodges was a court case that challenged the refusal to recognize same-sex marriages depending on the state as unconstitutional. 

2015: The U.S. legalized marriage equality on the federal level for all 50 states.

2016: Stonewall National Monument was established on June 24th. Days earlier (on June 12th), one of the deadliest mass shootings in the United States happened at the Pulse Nightclub in Florida.

2017: The beginning of increasing transgender population starts to cause massive debates about how to continue with gendered sports and the allowing of those who are transgender within which sports bracket.

2020: Learning more about the state of the LGBTQ+ community during the COVID-19 pandemic.

2021: Discrimination towards the LGBTQ+ community impacts their health and healthcare

2021: There are more trans and non-binary politicians setting forth in the world of politics

2021: the Pentagon releases new policies enabling transgender people to serve in the military

2022: The increase of government banning LGBTQ+ character books from libraries. 

2022: Discrimination and Barriers to Well-Being in the Community

2023: The gender you select does not need to match the gender on your supporting documentation such as a birth certificate, previous passport, or state ID. We no longer require medical documentation to change the gender marker on your U.S. passport. You can select male, female, unspecified, or another gender identity (X) as your gender marker if you are applying for a U.S. passport book and selecting routine service.

2023: Disneyland officially announces the first-ever Disney After Dark: Pride Night

Pride!

Bronx-born Brenda Howard discovered activism in the 1960s movement against the Vietnam War. Her activism soon included gay rights as well. Howard is known as the “Mother of Pride” for coordinating a rally followed by the Christopher Street Liberation Day March to commemorate the 1st Anniversary of the Stonewall Riot. She originated the idea for a week-long series of events around Pride Day which became the genesis of the annual LGBT Pride celebrations now held worldwide.

A fixture in New York City's LGBT community, Howard was active in the Coalition for Lesbian and Gay Rights, which helped guide New York City's LGBT rights law through the City Council in 1986. In 1987 Howard helped found the New York Area Bisexual Network to help coordinate services for the region's growing Bisexual community. Her ongoing activism included work on the 1993 March on Washington for Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Rights where she was female co-chair of the leather contingent and helped lobby to have the term “Bisexuals” included in the title. --The Legacy Project

Check out some of these articles to learn more about Brenda and her accomplishments:

A lot of people consider the Stonewall Inn Riot to be the first pride. Others believed it was the one year after the riots when they had the first march. Either way, it was the beginning of something big and long-lasting. Take a gander at some of the articles we've found about the beginnings of Pride:

The First Pride Was a Riot: The Origins of Pride

This History of Pride

How Pride March Made History

Pride: Celebrating Diversity & Community

This Day in June

Over the years, as different forms of sexuality come forth and the legalization of same-sex marriage, people often wonder about the fight and purpose of pride. Is it the fight for liberation? How it originated? Or is it the fight for equality? Has it evolved? Please read over the definitions and articles below and let us know!

Liberation: A) The action of liberating (esp. from confinement or servitude); the condition of being liberated; release. Also: an instance of this.
                  B) Freedom from restrictive or discriminatory social conventions and attitudes.
                 
-- Oxford Dictionary

Equality: A) The condition of being equal in quantity, amount, value, intensity, etc.
               B) The condition of having equal dignity, rank, or privileges with others; the fact of being on an equal footing.
               C)  Equal chance and right to seek success in one's chosen sphere regardless of social factors such as class, race, religion, and sex.
             
 -- Oxford Dictionary

Sexual Liberation vs Identity Politics

Pride Issue: 'Radical Pursuits

LGBTQ + History

Generation: Stonewall

Let us know what you think!

                                   

Gilbert Baker Pride              1978 Pride                       Traditional Gay Pride

                                  

Philadelphia Pride                Progress Pride                       Bisexual Pride

                                  

Pansexual Pride                   Asexual Pride                 Labrys Lesbian Pride

                                  

Polyamory Pride                   Intersex Pride                   Transgender Pride

                                  

Genderfluid Pride               Genderqueer Pride                     Ally Pride

                                  

Polysexual Pride                Aromantic Pride                  Demisexual Pride

                                  

Lesbian Pride                    Demiromantic Pride                 Nonbinary Pride

                                

 Queer POC Pride               Two-Spirit Pride                     Abrosexual Pride

                                  

Drag Pride                            Agender Pride              Intersex-Inclusive Pride

For more pride flags and their histories, Click Here!

 

Worldwide Pride

There are many ways in which you can celebrate pride! Whether you are a member of the community or an ally, join in on the fun! Take a look at some of the websites below and see how you can participate in celebrating pride month:

  • Human Rights Campaign
    • Join a movement
    • Make a pride greeting card
    • Make your own pride playlist
    • Color& and do activities with the family
  • DoSomething.org
    • Do some research
    • Listen to those in the community
    • Create spaces for the LGBTQ+ community in your school or workplace
    • Support businesses that stand with the LGBTQ+ Community
  • GLAAD
    • ​​​​​​​Celebrate with some of your favorite bands
    • Participate in a pride march
    • Learn and teach others how to be a good Ally​​​​​​​
  • IGLTA
    • ​​​​​​​See how people around the world celebrate
    • Join a PrideFest
    • A Walking Tour
    • Queerpalooza

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According to the Guinness World Records, the LGBTQ+ community has made quite a few records of their own!

    

Elliot Page                 Rosie O'Donnell          Margret Cho 

    

Chad Allen                 Frank Ocean               Victor Garber 

   

Emma Corrin           Luke Evans           Jamie Clayton 

    

Miley Cyrus                 Brendon Urie          Bella Ramsey 

                    

 Lilly and Lana Wachowski                     Lily Tomlin and Jane Wagner 

    

Lil Nas X                    Janelle Monae            Dove Cameron  

    

Tim Gunn              Michaela Coel              David Archuleta  

 

Did you know that of the 195 countries on this planet, 64 countries still have laws that criminalize homosexuality? Nearly half of those countries are in Africa alone. Click through the countries listed below to learn more:

AsiaAfghanistanBangladeshBruneiIndonesiaIranIraqKuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Syria, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen

Africa: Algeria, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Egypt, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morrocco, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, The Gambia, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Pacific: Cook Islands, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu

Caribbean & The Americas: Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

To view more facts and have visual maps of where these countries are, Click Here