Skip to Main Content

NICC Library: Home

Special Early Closings

July 2022

For the entire month of July, all campus units including the libraries will close at 3 PM every Friday, beginning
Friday July 1, 2022

Spotlight: June is Pride Month

June is Pride Month

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Pride Month is celebrated each year to commemorate the 1969 Stonewall Uprising and recognize the impact that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer individuals have had on history. Today, celebrations include pride parades, picnics, parties, workshops, symposia, and concerts. June is also a time to remember those who have been lost to hate crimes or HIV/AIDS. As a community, we fight together for equal justice and equal opportunity for everyone.

Click the arrows for some LGBT history and for books written by and about the LGBT community that can be found at the NICC libraries. 

LGBTQ in American History ( -1800)

1649 – Sarah White Norman and Mary Vincent Hammon are charged with “lewd behavior” in Plymouth, Massachusetts, believed to be the first conviction for lesbian behavior in the new world.

1714 – Sodomy laws are put in place in the early colonies and in the colonial militia. These laws would remain in place until challenged in 1925.

1778 – Lieutenant Gotthold Frederick Enslin of the Continental Army becomes the first documented service member to be dismissed from the U.S. military for homosexuality. 

1779 – Thomas Jefferson proposes Virginia law to make sodomy punishable by mutilation rather than death. This proposal was rejected by the Virginia legislature.

1789 – Olauda Equiano, a former slave, publishes The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, The African. It was one of the first widely read narratives of slave life at the time. In it, he describes his same-sex relationships with other men and the existence of same-sex relationships within slave culture due to slaves be unable to marry.

LGBTQ in American History (1800-1900)

Photo of Albert Cashier

1849 – Lifelong partners Jason Chamberlain and John Chaffee sail from Boston to California to seek their fortunes in the California Gold Rush. They lived together in Groveland, CA, until Chamberlain died in 1903. Chaffee took his own life not long after.

1862 – Jennie Hodgers, disguised as a man named Albert Cashier, enlists in the Union army in Illinois. She would continue living as a man after the war.

1868 – Fourteenth Amendment Ratified. This is the most cited amendment in Supreme Court civil rights cases and has been the basis for landmark cases such as Brown v. Board of Education, Roe v. Wade and Obergefell v. Hodges. Gay rights advocates often cite this amendment in support of equality for future court cases.

1879 – Death of Charley Parkhurst, a well-known stagecoach driver in Central California who was born a woman but lived as a man. In 1868, she may have been the first person of the female sex to vote in a presidential election in California. It was not until after her death that her sex was discovered by others.

1886 – Henry James writes the book, The Bostonians, about a long term relationship between two women and the term “Boston Marriages” develops to describe two women living together, independent of financial support from a man.

1890 – The term, Lesbian, is first used in a medical dictionary.

1890 – Hull House, founded by Jane Addams and other women opens in Chicago, IL with funding from her partner, Mary Rozet Smith.

1890 – Birth of Alan Hart, who pioneered the use of the X-Ray for tuberculosis diagnosis and was one of the first transgender men to undergo a hysterectomy.

LGBTQ in American History (1900-1950)

Photo of Gertrude and Alice

1907 – Gertrude Stein meets Alice B. Toklas, sparking a legendary romance. In Paris, the two women set up a salon that connects many great writers and artists, including gays. Stein publicly declares her love for Toklas in print in The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, published in 1933.

1917-1935 – The Harlem Renaissance. Historians have stated that the renaissance was “as gay as it was black.” Some of the lesbian, gay or bisexual people of this movement included writers and poets such as Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen and Zora Neale Hurston; Professor Alain Locke; music critic and photographer Carl Van Vechten, and entertainers Ma Rainey, Bessie Smith, Ethel Waters and Gladys Bentley.

1924 – The Society for Human Rights, the first gay rights organization, is founded by Henry Gerber in Chicago. The organization ceases to exist after most of its members are arrested.

1928 – Radclyffe Hall, an English author, publishes what many consider a groundbreaking lesbian novel, The Well of Loneliness. This causes homosexuality to be a topic of public conversation in the United States.

1948 – Alfred Kinsey, an American biologist and sexologist at Indiana University publishes Sexual Behavior of the Human Male, which discusses male homosexuality. (Also known as the Kinsey Reports).

1950 – U.S. Congress issues the report, “Employment of Homosexuals and Other Sex Perverts in Government.” It is distributed to members of Congress. The report shows that the federal government had covertly investigated employees’ sexual orientation. It states that since homosexuality is a mental illness, homosexuals “constitute security risks” to the nation.

1950 – The Mattachine Society forms in Los Angeles, California, by activist Harry Hay and is one of the first sustained gay rights groups in the United States. The Society focuses on social acceptance of homosexuals. The organization continues today with different objectives.

LGBTQ in American History (1950-Stonewall)

Photo of Christine Jorgensen

1952 – Christine Jorgensen becomes one of the most famous transgender people when she undergoes a sex change operation. She went on to have a successful career in show business.

1952 – The American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic manual lists homosexuality as a sociopathic personality disturbance that could be treated.

1952 – U.S. Congress passes the Immigration Act, which bars “aliens afflicted with a psychopathic personality, epilepsy or mental defect” from immigrating to the United States. Congress makes clear that this includes “homosexuals and sex perverts."

1953 – The Kinsey Report, Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, is published. Similarly to its counterpart, this report discusses female homosexuality.

1953 – Executive Order 10450, issued by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, bans homosexuals from working for the federal government, stating they are a security risk. This order stays in place until 1993, when President Bill Clinton and the U.S. Congress enact the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” law.

1962 – Illinois becomes the first state to decriminalize homosexual acts between two consenting adults in private.

1966 – Compton’s Cafeteria Riot. Transgender people and drag queens in San Francisco react to violent and constant harassment from the police. One result of the protest is the establishment of the National Transsexual Counseling Unit (NTCU) in support of transgender people.

1967 – The Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop opens in New York City by Craig Rodwell. The bookshop is devoted to gay history and gay rights.

Stonewall Uprising - Part 1

By 1969, the Stonewall Inn was one of the most popular gay bars in Manhattan. Homosexuality was also considered criminal offense, and this made the Stonewall Inn a popular target for police raids. The New York State Liquor Authority refused to grant liquor licenses to bars that served known or suspected LGBT individuals and these bars were often shut down. As a result, most gay bars in New York at the time were owned by the Mafia, who operated without liquor licenses and often paid the police to look the other way. These payments also ensured that the police would tip off the Mafia about an incoming raid, which allowed for the bar to hide their liquor and avoid fines. The Stonewall Inn was raided about once a month leading up to the raid that would set off the Stonewall Uprising. 

On a Friday night in June, the Stonewall Inn was packed. The bar had been stormed by police only a few nights earlier. Eight police officers entered the bar in plainclothes. However, this time the bar had not been tipped off about the incoming raid. The police officers began arresting the bar's employees and any cross-dressing patrons (cross-dressing was a crime), taking them to the bathrooms to check their sex. More officers arrived on the scene. Outside the bar a crowd was forming of patrons and nearby residents who were fed up with the constant police harassment. Police began aggressively loading arrested employees and patrons into a police van. 

Stonewall Uprising - Part 2

Accounts vary on what happened next, but according to witnesses the crowd erupted after a police officer hit a woman over the head. The crowd began taunting the officers and throwing pennies and bottles. Within minutes hundreds of people were involved. The police retreated to the Stonewall Inn and barricaded themselves inside. The crowd attempted to break down the barricade, but soon sirens announced the arrival of more police officers, as well as the Tactical Patrol Force (TPF), the city's riot police. Protestors ran away, only to circle back around to continue the protest.

Sometime after 4 a.m. things settled down. No one had been killed or seriously injured. Stonewall Inn was open the very next day, though without any liquor. As the evening continued, more and more people showed up at the bar to show their support to the community. Police arrived and began beating and tear gassing the crowd for hours, until the crowd finally dispersed in the early hours of the morning. Protestors continued to appear over the next few days, as well did the police, although these instances were less confrontational. 

While the Stonewall Uprising did not start the gay rights movement, it was a galvanizing force. It led to the creation of numerous rights organizations, including the Gay Liberation Front, Human Rights Campaign, and GLAAD. One year after the uprising thousands marched from Stonewall Inn to Central Park. This was America's first gay pride parade. The site of the uprisings, including the Stonewall Inn itself, is now a national monument.

LGBTQ in American History (Stonewall-1980)

1969 – Gay Liberation Front organization forms in New York following the Stonewall Riots to advocate for sexual liberation for all people.

1969 – The Gay Activist Alliance forms in New York by a group unsatisfied with the direction of the Gay Liberation Front. Their purpose is to “secure basic human rights, dignity, and freedom for all gay people.”

1970 – The first gay pride marches are held in multiple cities across the United States on the first anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, including San Francisco and Los Angeles.

1971 – The “Body Politic” Magazine begins publishing in Toronto, Canada. It becomes one of the most widely read publications regarding LGBT rights.

1974 – Elaine Noble becomes the first openly gay person to be elected as a state legislator; she serves in the Massachusetts State House of Representatives for two terms.

1976 – The book, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A., is written by Jonathan Ned Katz based on his play of 1972. This is the first book that documented gay history in the U.S.

1978 (June 25) – In San Francisco, the Rainbow Flag is first flown during the Gay Freedom Parade.

1979 – National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights. Over 100,000 people gather in support of gay and lesbian rights.

LGBTQ in American History (1980-2000)

1981 (June 5) – AIDS Epidemic begins. 

1985 – Rock Hudson dies. He was a leading actor in many movies in the 1950s and 1960s. He died of complications related to AIDS. After his death, it was revealed that he was gay and had several male relationships.

1986 – Bowers v. Hardwick (Supreme Court Decision). By a vote of 5-4 that a Georgia sodomy law criminalizing oral and anal sex in private between consenting adults was legal and that there were no constitutional protections for acts of sodomy.

1993 – The U.S. Congress passed and President Bill Clinton signed “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” that allowed gay and lesbian people to serve in the military. They would not be asked their sexual orientation during enlistment screening.

1994 – Greg Louganis, four-time Olympic gold medalist and considered one of the greatest divers in history, publicly came out as gay as part of the Gay Games in New York City.

1997 – Ellen DeGeneres, a comedian, TV actor and television host was one of the first popular entertainers who publicly came out as a lesbian during an interview on the Oprah Winfrey show and then became the first openly gay character on the TV show, “Ellen.”

1998 – Matthew Shepard, a 21-year-old student at the University of Wyoming, was brutally attacked and tied to a fence in a field outside of Laramie, Wyo. and left to die because he was gay. He died from his wounds several days later.

LGBTQ in American History (2000-2022)

2003 – Lawrence v. Texas. Ruled by a vote of 6-3 that a Kansas law criminalizing gay or lesbian sex was unconstitutional declaring the importance of constitutional liberty and privacy consistent with the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Also overturned the court decision in Bowers v. Hardwick (1986) stating that the court had made the wrong decision.

2008 – Proposition 8 passes with a 52% yes vote in California declaring that marriage is between a man and a woman.

2010 – The U.S. Congress passed and President Barack Obama signed the repeal of “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” so that gay and lesbian people could serve openly in the military.

2013 – U.S. v. Windsor / Repeal of the Defense of Marriage Act – DOMA. By a vote of 5-4 the Supreme Court ruled that defining marriage as just between a man and a woman is unconstitutional under the Fifth Amendment guarantee of equal protection. The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1996 and stated that marriage or legal unions are between one man and one woman. This decision ruled the congressional law as unconstitutional and that states have the authority to define marital relationships.

2015 – Obergefell v. Hodges. The Supreme Court voted 5-4 that the fundamental right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. This decision mandated that states must allow same-sex couples to legally marry.

Giovanni's Room

Giovanni's Room by James Baldwin. By one of the great American authors of the 20th century, Giovanni's Room was one of the first American novels to deal with the topic of homosexuality. Set in Paris in the 1950s, David is a young American expatriate who has just proposed to his girlfriend Hella. While she is away on a trip, David meets a bartender named Giovanni to whom he is drawn in spite of himself. Soon the two are spending the night in Giovanni's room. But Hella's return to Paris brings the affair to a crisis, one that rapidly spirals into tragedy.

As the Crow Flies

As the Crow Flies by Melanie Gillman. Welcome to Camp Three Peaks. A rustic, Christian summer retreat for teenage girls! A week of hiking, adventure, and communing with the God of its 19th-century founders… a God that doesn’t traditionally number people like 13-year-old Charlie Lamonte among His (Her? Their? Its?) flock.

The only black camper in the group, and queer besides, she struggles to reconcile the innocent intent of the trip with the blinkered obliviousness of those determined to keep the Three Peaks tradition going. As the journey wears on and the rhetoric wears thin, Charlie can’t help but poke holes in the pious disregard this storied sanctuary has for outsiders like herself—and her fellow camper, Sydney. This is the first collection of Gillman's extraordinary webcomic in book form.

The Cold and the Rust

The Cold and the Rust by Emily Van Kley. A tender portrait of a queer girlhood on Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. In this lyrical and unflinching debut, a landscape of staggering beauty abuts industrial towns in the throes of economic decay. Emily Van Kley explores notions of home, estrangement, isolation, and longing against a backdrop of crystalline winters, Lake Superior’s mythic tempers, and forests as vast as they are close. Winner of the 2016 Lexi Rudnitsky First Book Prize in Poetry.

Becoming a Man

Becoming a Man: the Story of a Transition by P. Carl. For fifty years P. Carl lived as a girl and then as a queer woman, building a career, a life, and a loving marriage, yet still waiting to realize himself in full. As Carl embarks on his gender transition, he takes us inside the complex shifts and questions that arise throughout—the alternating moments of arrival and estrangement. He writes intimately about how transitioning reconfigures both his own inner experience and his closest bonds—his twenty-year relationship with his wife, Lynette; his already tumultuous relationships with his parents; and seemingly solid friendships that are subtly altered, often painfully and wordlessly. Carl’s quest to become himself and to reckon with his masculinity mirrors, in many ways, the challenge before the country as a whole, to imagine a society where every member can have a vibrant, livable life. Here, through this brave and deeply personal work, Carl brings an unparalleled new voice to this conversation.

The Color Purple

The Color Purple by Alice Walker. Walker's masterpiece about the love between women isn't just an LGBT classic, it's a must-read book in just about every way. A powerful cultural touchstone of modern American literature, The Color Purple depicts the lives of African American women in early twentieth-century rural Georgia. Separated as girls, sisters Celie and Nettie sustain their loyalty to and hope in each other across time, distance and silence. Through a series of letters spanning twenty years, first from Celie to God, then the sisters to each other despite the unknown, the novel draws readers into its rich and memorable portrayals of Celie, Nettie, Shug Avery and Sofia and their experience. The Color Purple broke the silence around domestic and sexual abuse, narrating the lives of women through their pain and struggle, companionship and growth, resilience and bravery. Deeply compassionate and beautifully imagined, Alice Walker’s epic carries readers on a spirit-affirming journey toward redemption and love.

How to Survive a Plague

How to Survive a Plague: The Story of How Activists and Scientists Tamed AIDS by David France. From the creator of and inspired by the seminal documentary of the same name--an Oscar nominee--the definitive history of the successful battle to halt the AIDS epidemic, and the powerful, heroic stories of the gay activists who refused to die without a fight. Intimately reported, this is the story of the men and women who, watching their friends and lovers fall, ignored by public officials, religious leaders, and the nation at large, and confronted with shame and hatred, chose to fight for their right to live. We witness the founding of ACT UP and TAG (Treatment Action Group), the rise of an underground drug market in opposition to the prohibitively expensive (and sometimes toxic) AZT, and the gradual movement toward a lifesaving medical breakthrough. With his unparalleled access to this community David France illuminates the lives of extraordinary characters, including the closeted Wall Street trader-turned-activist; the high school dropout who found purpose battling pharmaceutical giants in New York; the South African physician who helped establish the first officially recognized buyers' club at the height of the epidemic; and the public relations executive fighting to save his own life for the sake of his young daughter. Expansive yet richly detailed, this is an insider's account of a pivotal moment in the history of American civil rights

Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe

Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe by Benjamin Alire Saenz. A coming of age tale about two loner teens who strike up an unexpected friendship that teaches them life-changing truths about themselves and each another. This star-crossed lover story is great for middle school kids and teens, but adults will find lots to love here, too.

The Hours

The Hours by Michael Cunningham. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Cunningham draws inventively on the life and work of Virginia Woolf to tell the story of a group of contemporary characters struggling with the conflicting claims of love and inheritance, hope and despair. The narrative of Woolf's last days before her suicide early in World War II counterpoints the fictional stories of Samuel, a famous poet whose life has been shadowed by his talented and troubled mother, and his lifelong friend Clarissa, who strives to forge a balanced and rewarding life in spite of the demands of friends, lovers, and family.

The Gay Revolution: the Story of the Struggle

The Gay Revolution: the Story of the Struggle by Lillian Faderman. This is a chronicle of the modern day struggle for gay, lesbian, and transgender rights. It draws from interviews with politicians, military figures, legal activists, and members of the LGBT community to document the struggles since the 1950s. The Economist called it "the most comprehensive history to date of America's gay-rights movement."

The Song of Achilles

The Song of Achilles by Madeline Miller. Patroclus, an awkward young prince, has been exiled to the kingdom of Phthia to be raised in the shadow of King Peleus and his golden son, Achilles. “The best of all the Greeks”-strong, beautiful, and the child of a goddess-Achilles is everything the shamed Patroclus is not. Yet despite their differences, the boys become steadfast companions. Their bond deepens as they grow into young men and become skilled in the arts of war and medicine-much to the displeasure and the fury of Achilles' mother, Thetis, a cruel sea goddess with a hatred of mortals.  When word comes that Helen of Sparta has been kidnapped, the men of Greece, bound by blood and oath, must lay siege to Troy in her name. Seduced by the promise of a glorious destiny, Achilles joins their cause, and torn between love and fear for his friend, Patroclus follows. Little do they know that the Fates will test them both as never before and demand a terrible sacrifice.

Pride in Your Words

Penguin Random House Publishing has officially dropped Pride in Your Words, their first-ever zine. This year’s zine opens with an introduction from the LGBTQ+ Network and highlights authors and books published in 2022, with passages and interviews from Vagabonds/Eloghosa Osunde, All the Flowers Kneeling/Paul Tran, Acts of Service/Lillian Fishman, and I’m Not Broken/Jesse Leon, as well as coloring pages from Color Me Queer by Anshika Khullar. Also featured is a 2022 Pride reading list, an illustrated guide to making your own zine, and four original illustrations from lettering artist Kyle Letendre. Click the image to download a copy of Pride in Your Words.

LGBT Studies in Video

Watch a Film or Documentary

This collection surveys the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people as well as the cultural and political evolution of the LGBT community. It features award-winning documentaries, interviews, archival footage, and select feature films exploring LGBT history, gay culture and subcultures, civil rights, marriage equality, LGBT families, AIDS, transgender issues, religious perspectives on homosexuality, global comparative experiences, and other topics.

Did You Know?

Kanopy Database has instructional videos!

Kanopy Database has instructional videos!

Log in to Kanopy using Google and your NICC account to view instructional videos on various topics, including Food Technology, Technical Expertise, and K-12 Lessons!

Did You Know?: NICC CIS Help Page

Log into any campus computer (and the WiFi on mobile devices!) with your NICC username and password!

Your NICC username is the first part of your email before the @ symbol (i.e. smithj1234). Use the same password as your email!

Questions? Contact the CIS Helpdesk at (844) 642 - 2338, Ext. 555, or helpdesk@nicc.edu.

New NICC Library Web Cameras

Borrow Web Cameras at NICC Libraries

NICC Libraries now have web cameras available for you to check out. Click on the link to see if a camera is currently available.

NICC Student ID

You can request an NICC ID ONLINE!

You will need to upload a photo of yourself to be used on the ID. PLEASE, make sure the photo is in color, shows your whole head and neck (no hats or sunglasses), and doesn't include anyone else in the frame. Failure to follow these guidelines will result in a delay in printing.

Libraries Closed
Monday, July 4th
for Independence Day

Summer Hours

Books On the Move

Picture books can now be found at the front of the Peosta library!

New books can be found at the front of the Peosta Library.

Click this link to browse by subject.